Remedial English Test Series 79

Remedial English Test Series 79

   Identify  the ONE mistake in each line and make corrections    (1 mark for each correct answer. Total score   ___ )  

01 People across the world, particularly those in developing county, face a decade at risk from pandemics
02 spread by antibiotic-resistance  bugs, the billionaire Bill Gates  has warned. Gates, who made his fortune with
03 the Microsoft Windows operating system before become a philanthropist, said the success of antibiotics
04 had created complacency that was now being expose by the rise of microbial resistance to the drugs. “I
05 cross my fingers all the time that some epidemic like a big flu doesn’t come along in the next 10 year,”
06 Gates told a special edition of Radio 4’s Today programme guest-edit by Dame Sally Davies, the chief
07 medical officer for England. “I do think we will have much better medical tools, much better respond, but
08 we are a bit vulnerable right now if something spread very quick  like a flu that was quite fatal – that would
09 be a tragedy and new approaches should allowed us to reduce that risk a lot.” Gates said it was crucial for
10 wealthier country  to step in to help the developing world fight disease, both for humanitarian reasons and
11 for their own health security. Although mistake were made, criticism of  World Health Organisation (WHO)
12 during Ebola crisis  in west Africa was unfair, he said, because it was not funded or staff  to do all the
13 things that observers want it to do. International cooperation had led to the eradication of smallpox, and
14 was on the verge of eradicating polio, he add.“The cooperation that we have seen, I think, needs to
15 intensify,” Gates said. “It’s the only way that global problems like epidemics will get solve and so [for] all
16 the people who are negative on WHO, the message to take away from that is no that that kind of multilateral
17 cooperative effort is doom and the money is not well spent, rather that we actually need to broaden their
18 capacity. We actually need to dedicated ourselves to this global cooperation.” In September the UN secretary
19 general, Ban Ki-moon, warned that antimicrobial resistant  was a fundamental threat to global health that
20 risked making high quality universal healthcare impossible. It is estimate that more than 700,000 people
21 die each year  from drug-resistance infections , though it could be much higher because there is no global
22 system to monitor the figures. There has also been difficulties in track  death tolls even in places where
23 they are monitored, such as the US, where tens of thousands of deaths have not been attribute  to
24 superbugs, according to a Reuters investigate.  The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
25 reported in November that illnesses resistance to so- called last-line antibiotics  – drugs kept in reserve for
26 use against pathogens that have prove  resistant to all other antibiotics – were on the rise in the continent.
27 Without them, some infectious diseases could became untreatable and some forms of major surgery would
28 again become perilous. Davies said Britain’s health service was well place  to handle a flu pandemic,
29 although it would still take as long as six month  to “produce enough vaccine to start putting it into
30 people”. She was less optimist  about how resilient the rest of British society would be to an outbreak.
31 “It’s not just the NHS,” she said. “Its how would our social care system cope with people who aren’t ill
32 enough to be in hospital but need extra support? It’s how would our economy copes  if a large proportion    
33 are too ill to work? When we have a just-in-times ordering policy for delivery of food, petrol, whatever.    
34 “And if you think about the issues that could happen here if we had a recurrent of the 1918 type flu,     
35 then what would it be likes in middle- and low-income countries where they don’t have the health        
36 systems to looks after the patients?” (The Guardian 30 Dec 16)

  KEY TO Remedial English Test Series 79   Note the correct answers below

01 People across the world, particularly those in developing countries, face a decade at risk from pandemics
02 spread by antibiotic-resistant bugs, the billionaire Bill Gates  has warned. Gates, who made his fortune with
03 the Microsoft Windows operating system before becoming a philanthropist, said the success of antibiotics
04 had created complacency that was now being exposed by the rise of microbial resistance to the drugs. “I
05 cross my fingers all the time that some epidemic like a big flu doesn’t come along in the next 10 years,
06 Gates told a special edition of Radio 4’s Today programme guest-edited by Dame Sally Davies, the chief
07 medical officer for England. “I do think we will have much better medical tools, much better response, but
08 we are a bit vulnerable right now if something spread very quickly like a flu that was quite fatal – that would
09 be a tragedy and new approaches should allow us to reduce that risk a lot.” Gates said it was crucial for
10 wealthier countries to step in to help the developing world fight disease, both for humanitarian reasons and
11 for their own health security. Although mistakes were made, criticism of  World Health Organisation (WHO)
12 during Ebola crisis  in west Africa was unfair, he said, because it was not funded or staffed to do all the
13 things that observers wanted it to do. International cooperation had led to the eradication of smallpox, and
14 was on the verge of eradicating polio, he added.“The cooperation that we have seen, I think, needs to
15 intensify,” Gates said. “It’s the only way that global problems like epidemics will get solved and so [for] all
16 the people who are negative on WHO, the message to take away from that is not that that kind of multilateral
17 cooperative effort is doomed and the money is not well spent, rather that we actually need to broaden their
18 capacity. We actually need to dedicate ourselves to this global cooperation.” In September the UN secretary
19 general, Ban Ki-moon, warned that antimicrobial resistance was a fundamental threat to global health that
20 risked making high quality universal healthcare impossible. It is estimated that more than 700,000 people
21 die each year  from drug-resistant infections , though it could be much higher because there is no global
22 system to monitor the figures. There has also been difficulties in tracking death tolls even in places where
23 they are monitored, such as the US, where tens of thousands of deaths have not been attributed to
24 superbugs, according to a Reuters investigation.  The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
25 reported in November that illnesses resistant to so- called last-line antibiotics  – drugs kept in reserve for
26 use against pathogens that have proved resistant to all other antibiotics – were on the rise in the continent.
27 Without them, some infectious diseases could become untreatable and some forms of major surgery would
28 again become perilous. Davies said Britain’s health service was well placed to handle a flu pandemic,
29 although it would still take as long as six months to “produce enough vaccine to start putting it into
30 people”. She was less optimistic about how resilient the rest of British society would be to an outbreak.
31 “It’s not just the NHS,” she said. “It’s how would our social care system cope with people who aren’t ill
32 enough to be in hospital but need extra support? It’s how would our economy cope if a large proportion    
33 are too ill to work? When we have a just-in-time ordering policy for delivery of food, petrol, whatever.    
34 “And if you think about the issues that could happen here if we had a recurrence of the 1918 type flu,     
35 then what would it be like in middle- and low-income countries where they don’t have the health        
36 systems to   look after the patients?” (The Guardian 30 Dec 16)