Remedial English Test Series 77

Remedial English Test Series 77

 Identify  the ONE mistake in each line and make corrections    (1 mark for each correct answer. Total score   ___ )  

01 Not even donkeys get a worse deal in popular culture than the reindeer. Rabbits, mice, cats and even bear  all have their
02 distorted images in cartoons, but all of them show some sympathetic qualities of intelligent  or kindness. Only the
03 reindeer is forced in songs and cartoons to live down to the mangy and dispirited creatures chain  up and sweating in
04 rainy British theme parks. Even rats make cartoon heroes. Only reindeer are always caricature  as drunken, stupid and
05 quarrelsome beast  of burden. In real life the partnership of the reindeer with the Sami peoples of northern Scandinavia is
06 one of the great triumphs of domestication, enable  humans to build a culture in a landscape so cold, bare and hostile
07 that without the reindeer it would have been impossible to live there at all. The Sami and their reindeer lives far to the north
08 of the Inuit of North America, and have for hundreds of year  been pushed further into the wilderness by settled farmers
09 encroaching from the south. Until recent time  the reindeer supplied almost all the technology their herders needed: bone
10 needles, and thread made of sinew to sew together warmed clothes from skin. Together the herds and their herders travel
11 hundreds of miles every years, in search of food, minimal warmth, and escape from mosquitoes. But it is important that the
12 warmth not be too great. One of the greatest catastrophe  that can befall a herd of reindeer is a warm spell in spring,
13 where warmth is defined as anything above freeze. If in the daytime rain falls instead of snow, it will freeze into ice when
14 the weather return  to normal and, while reindeer can dig through deep dry snow to reach the lichen on which they live,
15 they cannot break through a crust of ice. The food remains as inaccessible as if it were behinds glass. This is a natural
16 disaster that can wiped  out an entire population- about 60,000 reindeer died  in one Siberian incident in 2013 – and even
17 those animals that survive will be greatly weaken. Now there is evidence that this effect is attacking the wild reindeer
18 population of the Svalbard archipelago  as a result of climate change. That has progressed at an astonish  rate. The
19 mean temperature in January has risen by nearly 10C in the last 26 year. In July, over the same period, it has only risen
20 by a 1.5C, but both changes have has profound effects. The slightly warmer summers have crossed an important
21 threshold for plant life, so that there is now a great deal more nourishment available in the fat times. But this seem  to be
22 outweighed by the loss of food cause  by wintertime warming. It might seem that a warmer world would be unambiguous
23 good news for the plant and animal life of the arctic. Indeed, there are now more reindeer in the population study  than
24 there were 20 years ago. But the problem of rain refreezing over plants turns out to be more importance than all the gains
25 from plants growing larger in a longer summer. The average weight of reindeer on the island has shrink by 12% over the
26 last 16 year as the island has grown steadily less cold. Warm summers mean more adults, but the warm, or less cold,
27 winters mean malnourished mothers that have fewer success  pregnancies and weaker babies if they are carried to term.
28 The disruptions cause  by climate change will be greater than we can easily imagine, and much less predictable (The Guardian 27 Dec 16).

  KEY TO Remedial English Test Series 77   Note the correct answers below

01 Not even donkeys get a worse deal in popular culture than the reindeer. Rabbits, mice, cats and even bears all have their
02 distorted images in cartoons, but all of them show some sympathetic qualities of intelligence or kindness. Only the
03 reindeer is forced in songs and cartoons to live down to the mangy and dispirited creatures chained up and sweating in
04 rainy British theme parks. Even rats make cartoon heroes. Only reindeer are always caricatured as drunken, stupid and
05 quarrelsome beasts of burden. In real life the partnership of the reindeer with the Sami peoples of northern Scandinavia is
06 one of the great triumphs of domestication, enabling humans to build a culture in a landscape so cold, bare and hostile
07 that without the reindeer it would have been impossible to live there at all. The Sami and their reindeer live far to the north
08 of the Inuit of North America, and have for hundreds of years been pushed further into the wilderness by settled farmers
09 encroaching from the south. Until recent times the reindeer supplied almost all the technology their herders needed: bone
10 needles, and thread made of sinew to sew together warm clothes from skin. Together the herds and their herders travel
11 hundreds of miles every year, in search of food, minimal warmth, and escape from mosquitoes. But it is important that the
12 warmth not be too great. One of the greatest catastrophes that can befall a herd of reindeer is a warm spell in spring,
13 where warmth is defined as anything above freezing. If in the daytime rain falls instead of snow, it will freeze into ice when
14 the weather returns to normal and, while reindeer can dig through deep dry snow to reach the lichen on which they live,
15 they cannot break through a crust of ice. The food remains as inaccessible as if it were behind glass. This is a natural
16 disaster that can wipe out an entire population- about 60,000 reindeer died  in one Siberian incident in 2013 – and even
17 those animals that survive will be greatly weakened. Now there is evidence that this effect is attacking the wild reindeer
18 population of the Svalbard archipelago  as a result of climate change. That has progressed at an astonishing rate. The
19 mean temperature in January has risen by nearly 10C in the last 26 years. In July, over the same period, it has only risen
20 by a 1.5C, but both changes have had profound effects. The slightly warmer summers have crossed an important
21 threshold for plant life, so that there is now a great deal more nourishment available in the fat times. But this seems to be
22 outweighed by the loss of food caused by wintertime warming. It might seem that a warmer world would be unambiguous
23 good news for the plant and animal life of the arctic. Indeed, there are now more reindeer in the population studied than
24 there were 20 years ago. But the problem of rain refreezing over plants turns out to be more important than all the gains
25 from plants growing larger in a longer summer. The average weight of reindeer on the island has shrunk by 12% over the
26 last 16 years as the island has grown steadily less cold. Warm summers mean more adults, but the warm, or less cold,
27 winters mean malnourished mothers that have fewer successful pregnancies and weaker babies if they are carried to term.
28 The disruptions caused by climate change will be greater than we can easily imagine, and much less predictable (The Guardian 27 Dec 16).