Remedial English Test Series 66

Remedial English Test Series 66

      Identify  the ONE mistake in each line and make corrections    (1 mark for each correct answer. Total score   ___ )

 01 Base on the best of limited data available, vehicular emissions are the main culprit for air pollution. There is no
02 comprehensive data or an updated air pollution inventory which can quantify the pollutants with great accuracy.
03 Therefore, we need better monitoring to built emission profiles. The situation due to air pollution in Delhi is really
04 alarming. Short and long terms exposure to the shocking levels of PM2.5 – above 700 microgram per cubic metre –
05 may result in increasing health risks. But we show concern only when there is low visibility, in the month from
06 October till first two week of December. That is the time for stubble burning. Of course, this adds to the pollution
07 levels. But to hold crop burning responsible for air pollution throughout the year is not support  by science. We
08 need to investigate scientific with tracer analysis study – a marker for stubble burning in farms. The farmers are
09 the first victim of stubble burning as they inhale fumes soon after crop fire. I have interacted with them and they are
10 willing to forego the practice of burning stubble, provided there is a sustain, economical and practical solution.
11 Labour has become expensive, therefore mechanic harvesting is done for big fields. But the machine for
12 harvesting leave almost 25% of the stem during the harvest. This again has to be cut by another machine. So,
13 burning the crop residue is easier. But look at the discrepancy: how often have we be challaned for our vehicles
14 emit  pollution? Yet, there is an imposition of a maximum fine of Rs 15,000 for stubble burning for farmers. As
15 they are the first victims to inhales the pollutants, they are more at risk of respiratory problems. We make them
16 understand about the health hazards of stubble burn. But we also know that they cannot do without it. Besides
17 accidents due to poor visibility, their livestock also have been affect by the smog. Unfortunately, urban dwellers
18 are making a hue and cries while the farmers are suffering both the pollution and the penalty. Incidence of respiratory
19 diseases in Delhi is 12 times the national average and 30% of Delhi’s population suffer  from respiratory disorders.
20 Despite this, it is important to understand that not only megacities but also small and medium city in India fail the
21 air quality norms. Hence, the issues should be addressed in other cities as well. This require short and long term
22 planning as well as systematic implement. There are air pollution inventories for megacities, which is an
23 impractical way of monitoring as air pollution have no boundaries. There is a need for more air pollution monitoring
24 stations. Delhi is not a airtight jar of poisonous gases. The NCR region is bursting at its seams. It is a well-known
25 fact that every vehicle has a fix capacity and if overloaded, the rates of emission double. The government should
26 fix a price to buy crop residue from the farmers, which can then be use  for thermal power plant stations. The Punjab
27 government is plan on this. This will ensure emission control and also provide an incentive to the farmers who
28 can sell the residue to the government instead of burn  it. Closing down of schools for three days and ban on
29 construction for five days, as was done in Delhi, are short term measure. Farmers should be provided incentives for
30 sustainable stubble manage  and sustainable technologies should be used to manage crop residue. It is
31 disturbing that the farmers have been complain they are not even getting subsidies from the government to buy
32 balers – agriculture equipments used to bale paddy straw. (Times of India, 18 Nov 16).

 

        

    KEY TO Remedial English Test Series 66   Note the correct answers below

 

01 Based on the best of limited data available, vehicular emissions are the main culprit for air pollution. There is no
02 comprehensive data or an updated air pollution inventory which can quantify the pollutants with greater accuracy.
03 Therefore, we need better monitoring to build emission profiles. The situation due to air pollution in Delhi is really
04 alarming. Short and long term exposure to the shocking levels of PM2.5 – above 700 microgram per cubic metre –
05 may result in increasing health risks. But we show concern only when there is low visibility, in the months from
06 October till first two weeks of December. That is the time for stubble burning. Of course, this adds to the pollution
07 levels. But to hold crop burning responsible for air pollution throughout the year is not supported by science. We
08 need to investigate scientifically with tracer analysis study – a marker for stubble burning in farms. The farmers are
09 the first victims of stubble burning as they inhale fumes soon after crop fire. I have interacted with them and they are
10 willing to forego the practice of burning stubble, provided there is a sustainable, economical and practical solution.
11 Labour has become expensive, therefore mechanical harvesting is done for big fields. But the machine for
12 harvesting leaves almost 25% of the stem during the harvest. This again has to be cut by another machine. So,
13 burning the crop residue is easier. But look at the discrepancy: how often have we been challaned for our vehicles
14 emitting pollution? Yet, there is an imposition of a maximum fine of Rs 15,000 for stubble burning for farmers. As
15 they are the first victims to inhale the pollutants, they are more at risk of respiratory problems. We make them
16 understand about the health hazards of stubble burning. But we also know that they cannot do without it. Besides
17 accidents due to poor visibility, their livestock also have been affected by the smog. Unfortunately, urban dwellers
18 are making a hue and cry while the farmers are suffering both the pollution and the penalty. Incidence of respiratory
19 diseases in Delhi is 12 times the national average and 30% of Delhi’s population suffers from respiratory disorders.
20 Despite this, it is important to understand that not only megacities but also small and medium cities in India fail the
21 air quality norms. Hence, the issues should be addressed in other cities as well. This requires short and long term
22 planning as well as systematic implementation. There are air pollution inventories for megacities, which is an
23 impractical way of monitoring as air pollution has no boundaries. There is a need for more air pollution monitoring
24 stations. Delhi is not an airtight jar of poisonous gases. The NCR region is bursting at its seams. It is a well-known
25 fact that every vehicle has a fixed capacity and if overloaded, the rates of emission double. The government should
26 fix a price to buy crop residue from the farmers, which can then be used for thermal power plant stations. The Punjab
27 government is planning on this. This will ensure emission control and also provide an incentive to the farmers who
28 can sell the residue to the government instead of burning it. Closing down of schools for three days and ban on
29 construction for five days, as was done in Delhi, are short term measures. Farmers should be provided incentives for
30 sustainable stubble management and sustainable technologies should be used to manage crop residue. It is
31 disturbing that the farmers have been complaining they are not even getting subsidies from the government to buy
32 balers – agriculture    equipment used to bale paddy straw. (Times of India, 18 Nov 16).